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环保部首次明确肯定生物质的作用,并且鼓励发展!

2017-07-24 16:42:33 admin 28


“生物质能的发展是大势所趋,是我国可再生能源发展的必然环节。”中国工程院院士倪维斗对我国生物质能的未来发展寄予厚望。可事实上,初兴的生物质成型燃料却在发展过程中一度陷入僵局。

"The development of biomass energy is the trend of The Times, is the necessary part of the renewable energy development of our country."The Chinese academy of engineering wei-tou ni of biomass energy in China have high hopes for the future development.In fact, primitive straw briquette fuel is in the process of our development stalled for a time.

事件回顾:

Event review:

2月4日,环保部针对《高污染燃料目录(二次征求意见稿)》的意见征求工作正式截止。一时间让行业从业者风声鹤唳,关停厂房的、变卖设备的,转型的,比比皆是,以及各地政府对生物质成型燃料的管控,让从业者甚是揪心。

On February 4, the ministry of environmental protection asked for a formal deadline for a consultation on the catalogue of highly polluting fuels. Let industry practitioners jittery, shutting down factories and sale of equipment, transformation, abound, and local governments on biomass fuel control, let practitioners with heart.

峰回路转:

The summit has turned:   

一直让生物质能源产业从业者揪心的环保部《高污染燃料目录》,终于在3月28日尘埃落定,4月2日环境保护部大气环境管理司司长刘炳江就有关问题回答了记者提问:

Keep the biomass energy industry practitioners concern the environmental protection of the catalog of polluting fuels, finally settled on March 28, on April 2, atmospheric environment, the environmental protection department Liu Bingjiang questions from the journalists on the relevant questions:

问:《目录》的主要内容有哪些? 

Q: what are the main contents of the catalogue? 

答:按照控制严格程度,目录将禁燃区内禁止使用的燃料组合分为三类,Ⅰ类的管控程度一般,Ⅱ类较严,Ш类最为严格。城市人民政府在禁燃区管理中,因地制宜选择其中一类。

A: according to control strictly, directory ban fuel combustion zone to ban the use of combination can be divided into three categories, Ⅰ typically, the degree of control or Ⅱ class is strict, Ш class is most strictly. The urban people's government shall select one of them according to local conditions in the management of the forbidden burning zone.

近年来,部分城市在燃煤锅炉改造过程中,由于天然气等清洁能源的供应和成本问题,开始选择使用生物质成型燃料来替代煤炭,且使用量在不断增加。生物质成型燃料属于可再生能源,我们鼓励使用,但在当前生物质成型燃料工业化标准体系尚未建立,缺乏设备、产品、工程技术标准和规范的情况下,燃用生物质成型燃料还存在不少问题。因此,我们在第Ш类最严格的管控要求下,对生物质成型燃料的燃用方式进行了规范,即要求必须在配置袋式除尘器等高效除尘设施的生物质成型燃料专用锅炉中燃烧。

In recent years, some cities in coal-fired boiler reconstruction process, because the supply of natural gas and other clean energy and cost issues, began to choose to use straw briquette fuel instead of coal, and usage are on the increase. Straw briquette fuel belongs to renewable energy, we encourage the use of, but have not been established in the industrialization of straw briquette fuel standard system, lack of equipment, products, engineering and technical standards and norms, biomass-fired still exist many problems. Therefore, we in the first Ш class under the strict control requirements, burning way of biomass shaped fuel specification, the requirements must be in the bag filter of high efficiency dust removal facilities such as special straw briquette fuel combustion in the boiler.

这里要着重强调的是,对于生物质成型燃料,我们绝对不是要禁止或限制使用,相反在规范的燃用方式下,我们是鼓励发展的,目标就是要按照《生物质能发展“十三五”规划》要求,促进生物质成型燃料行业的健康有序发展。

Emphasize here is that for straw briquette fuel, we absolutely not to ban or restrict the use of, on the contrary under the burning way of the specification, we is to encourage the development of the target is to be in accordance with the biomass energy development "much starker choices-and graver consequences-in planning requirements, promote the healthy and orderly development of the biomass fuel molding industry.


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环保部首次明确肯定生物质的作用,并且鼓励发展。此文的发布,不仅大大鼓舞了在整个产业中一直努力前行的同仁,并且也将促使各地方政府有准绳对待生物质成型燃料的使用和管控,对促进生物质成型燃料产业的发展具有重大意义。

For the first time, the ministry of environmental protection has clearly affirmed the role of biological quality and encouraged development. In this release, not only greatly inspired the colleagues in the industry have been trying to move on, and will also be prompted the local government has the criterion of straw briquette fuel use and control, to promote the development of biomass fuel molding industry is of great significance.

延伸:

Extension:

《生物质能发展“十三五”规划》

The 13th five-year plan of biomass energy development

(一)指导思想

(1) guiding ideology

全面贯彻党的十八大、十八届三中、四中、五中全会和中央经济工作会议精神,坚持创新、协调、绿色、开放、共享的发展理念,紧紧围绕能源生产和消费革命,主动适应经济发展新常态,按照全面建成小康社会的战略目标,把生物质能作为优化能源结构、改善生态环境、发展循环经济的重要内容,立足于分布式开发利用,扩大市场规模,加快技术进步,完善产业体系,加强政策支持,推进生物质能规模化、专业化、产业化和多元化发展,促进新型城镇化和生态文明建设。

Fully implement the party's 18, 18 class 3, 4, and fifth plenary session of the central economic work conference spirit, adhere to innovation, coordination, the development of green, open, sharing concept, closely around the energy production and consumption revolution, take the initiative to adapt to the economic development of the new normal, according to build a well-off society in an all-round way of the strategic target, the biomass energy as the optimization of energy structure, improve the ecological environment, an important part of the development of circular economy, based on the distributed exploitation, expanding the size of the market, speed up technological progress, improving the industry system, strengthening policy support, promote the biomass energy scale, specialization, industrialization and diversified development, promote the new urbanization and ecological civilization construction.

(二)基本原则

(2) basic principles

坚持分布式开发。根据资源条件做好规划,确定项目布局,因地制宜确定适应资源条件的项目规模,形成就近收集资源、就近加工转化、就近消费的分布式开发利用模式,提高生物质能利用效率。

Adhere to distributed development. Plan according to the resource conditions, determine the project layout, adjust measures to local conditions determine to adapt to the resource conditions of project size, formation of collection resources, processing and transformation, to the nearest to the nearest nearby consumption distributed exploitation mode, improve the utilization efficiency of biomass energy.

坚持用户侧替代。发挥生物质布局灵活、产品多样的优势,大力推进生物质冷热电多联产、生物质锅炉、生物质与其他清洁能源互补系统等在当地用户侧直接替代燃煤,提升用户侧能源系统效率,有效应对大气污染。

Insist on user side substitution. Play the advantages of biomass flexible layout, product variety, vigorously promote all-round, biomass of biomass cold hot electric boiler, biomass and other clean energy complementary system in the local user side directly instead of coal, such as user side energy system efficiency, air pollution effectively.

坚持融入环保。将生物质能开发利用融入环保体系,通过有机废弃物的大规模能源化利用,加强主动型源头污染防治,直接减少秸秆露天焚烧、畜禽粪便污染排放,减轻对水、土、气的污染,建立生物质能开发利用与环保相互促进机制。

Stick to the environment. Blend in biomass energy development and utilization of environmental protection system, through the mass energy-oriented use of organic waste, strengthen the active source pollution control, direct emissions, poultry and animal feces pollution reducing open burning of straw, reduce the pollution of water, soil, gas, biomass energy development and utilization and environmental protection mechanism of mutual promotion.

坚持梯级利用。立足于多种资源和多样化用能需求,开发形成电、气、热、燃料等多元化产品,加快非电领域应用,推进生物质能循环梯级利用构建生物质能多联产循环经济。

Stick to the ladder. Based on a variety of resources and diversified energy requirements, development, electricity, gas, fuel and other diversified products, accelerate the non-electric field application, promote the cycle of cascade utilization of biomass energy, build all-round circulation economy of biomass energy.

(三)发展目标

(3) development goals

到2020年,生物质能基本实现商业化和规模化利用。生物质能年利用量约5800万吨标准煤。生物质发电总装机容量达到1500万千瓦,年发电量900亿千瓦时,其中农林生物质直燃发电700万千瓦,城镇生活垃圾焚烧发电750万千瓦,沼气发电50万千瓦;生物天然气年利用量80亿立方米;生物液体燃料年利用量600万吨;生物质成型燃料年利用量3000万吨。

By 2020, biomass energy will basically be commercialized and scaled up. The annual consumption of biomass is about 58 million tons of standard coal. Total installed capacity of 15 million kilowatts, biomass power generation capacity of 90 billion KWH, including agriculture and forestry biomass direct combustion power of 7 million kw, urban living garbage incineration power of 7.5 million kw, 500000 kw biogas power generation; Annual consumption of bio-gas is 8 billion cubic meters; The annual consumption of bio-liquid fuels is 6 million tons; The annual profit of biomass forming fuel is 30 million tons.

(文章来源网络)


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