The method of "five chemical" treatment, which is called fertilizer, feed, substrate, raw material and fuel, is also basically the same as the international front. Straw counters-field fertilizer has a lot of problems, straw in the field of general not degradation, broke into the field, the first year or two for no good, especially in the north, the temperature and the humidity is lower, the straw is not easy to degrade into fertilizer, for a long time can't see the effect, can reduce the farmers' willingness to degrees. Straw feed can only solve a small part of the problem, not the best way. There was a lot of stock to feed the animals, and the cattle could not eat so much straw, catching the animals fast and selling their money, and the straw was not fattening, and they had to eat food. So, the best thing to do is to make it energy. In the case of straw biomass, one is a straw that turns into liquid fuel. Diesel gasoline resources are scarce in our country, the straw is also much reliable liquid fuels in the Angle of energy security, but for now, the cost is a problem, distance between the real commercial and more distance. What's more, the straw turns into solid fuel, which is the best way to do it now.
About five or six years ago, the authorities had introduced straw to generate electricity. The stalks are transported directly from the field to the power plant, and the coal is mixed with coal to generate electricity. Of course, burning straw can also generate electricity. At one point, the government was advocating that every county had such a straw power plant, but after practice, it was found that the collection of straw and transportation problems were not easy to solve. It's much easier to break a piece of straw or make a particle into fuel. But in the case of straw gathering, there is also a good policy for the country to make appropriate measures. What if there is a lot of straw? What about less?
In our country, we produce about half a ton of straw per acre, and at 300 yuan per ton, we have a small amount of gross income per household. But if there is no corresponding to the nearest straw processing enterprises, eliminate human fee collection of 150 yuan per ton, plus one hundred kilometers of about one hundred yuan per ton of freight, farmers kui is not lucky. As the economic books spread, it is no wonder that these farmers would rather be caught paying a fine and unwilling to deal with losses. And the government "put to haze prohibition" high pressure, also can't solve the calculator, limited regulars couldn't beat rural infinite guerrilla warfare, is proved by the history of truth. It also requires the relevant departments and the relevant leaders to take multiple considerations. After all, it's only right that a simple, crude slogan doesn't work, and it's still a lot of ground.
Straw is a distributed source of energy and distributed energy must be distributed. Straw is made into granules or crushed pieces. Farmers can burn them in their own stoves, heat, bathe and cook. There is a problem, that is, the straw is higher than the price of coal, coal in some places are very cheap, if the straw is higher than the price of coal briquetting, so farmers to use coal, no matter what the pollution is not pollution, what with what cheaper. So the policy has to keep up with the appropriate subsidies. It controls the use of coal and makes reasonable use of the straw resources, which can kill two birds with one stone.
The common people work to increase their incomes, and when they know that useless stalks bring benefits, they do not risk burning straw. For example, straw balks can be sold for money, and people will voluntarily sell them. People will give up coal when the cost of cooking is cheaper than coal. This solves part of the problem. Of course, the common people can't rely on the guidance of the government. Department leaders at all levels must increase straw using the propaganda, improve farmers' understanding, changing farmers thought idea, help them set up environmental protection consciousness, change the backward habit. Let farmers really recognize the benefits of the use of straw.