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环保部部长信箱回复生物质成型燃料是否真的为高污染燃料?

2017-06-22 08:44:57 admin 40


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你好!部长,我是生物质成型燃料的厂家!我觉得现在全国环保部门都在抵触生物质成型燃料的使用,我只是想问一下部长,生物质成型燃料真的是一种高污染的燃料吗?在国外,生物质能源占据发达国家较重的比例,可在我国生物质成型燃料成为一种高污染燃料,举例韩国80%发电靠生物质燃料,并且燃料来源大部分靠其他国家进口,其中我国出口韩国生物质燃料占比也不少,但为什么生物质燃料在我国却无法推广呢?其实,现在国内生物质成型燃料鱼龙复杂,但我们不能逃避生物质为今后我国经济发展带来较好的效益,我们也不能只靠天燃气和电来发展经济,煤的经济效益较高,但污染较为严重,其次就是生物质燃料的经济效益较高。我觉得我国不能因为极少部分生物质成型燃料的不合格而否认它的益处!我们应该制订出合理的生物质成型燃料发展的计划,并且制订生物质成型燃料的使用规范!让生物质真正发挥它的优势,为环境保护贡献它应有的力量!

Hello!Minister, I am a straw briquette fuel manufacturers!I think now the national environmental protection departments are in conflict with the use of straw briquette fuel, I just want to ask the secretary, really is a kind of high pollution of biomass fuel?Abroad, biomass energy occupy heavy proportion of developed countries, but in our country, the straw briquette fuel become a kind of high pollution, for example, South Korea 80% power generation by biomass fuel and to other countries to import most of its fuel sources, including biomass fuel proportion is also a lot of our export South Korea, but why biomass fuel in our country is unable to promote?Actually, now domestic straw briquette fuel fish dragon is complex, but we can't escape from biomass bring better benefit for the future economic development in our country, we should not only rely on gas and electricity to develop the economy, the economic benefits of coal is higher, but the pollution is serious, the second is the economic benefits of biomass fuel is higher.I think our country can't because few straw briquette fuel is unqualified and deny its benefits!We should work out a reasonable plan, the development of biomass and making use of straw briquette fuel specification!Make biomass real play to the advantages of it, contributing to environmental protection which shall have the power!

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生物质成型燃料含硫量低、灰分低,燃烧后主要的污染物是烟尘。配置高效的布袋除尘器的生物质锅炉在正常运行时,可以达到《锅炉大气污染物排放标准》(GB13271-2014)的排放标准,是一种可再生能源,国家各部门都在积极推进生物质成型燃料的开发和利用。

为有效推动生物质成型燃料的使用,发改委、国家能源局与我部联合发布《关于印发能源行业加强大气污染防治工作方案的通知》(发改新能[2014]506号),通知要求:2015年,全国生物质能利用规模5000万吨标煤;2017年生物质能利用规模7000万吨标煤。重点推动生物质热电联产综合利用,加快生物质能供热应用,2017年,实现生物质固体成型燃料利用量超过1500万吨。2017年底前,每年新增生物质能供热面积350万平方米,每年新增生物质能工业供热利用量150万吨标煤。

此外,我部联合国家能源局发布《关于开展生物质成型燃料锅炉供热示范项目建设的通知》(国能新能[2014]295号)和《关于加强生物质成型燃料锅炉供热示范项目建设管理工作有关要求的通知》(国能新能[2014]520号),文件中明确指出:生物质成型燃料锅炉供热是绿色低碳环保经济的分布式可再生能源,是替代化石能源供热,防治大气污染的重要措施,也可以构建城镇可再生能源体系,文件对生物质成型燃料和锅炉等内容做出了明确规定。

下一步,我部将配合有关部门尽快出台生物质成型燃料的相关规范和标准,在推动其发展利用的同时,严格控制其燃烧后对环境造成的污染。

Biomass forming fuel is low in sulfur and low in ash, and the main pollutant after combustion is soot. Configuration efficiency of biomass boilers in normal operation of bag filter, can achieve "boiler air pollutant emission standard" (GB13271-2014) of emissions standards, is a kind of renewable energy, all the departments of the state in promoting the development and utilization of biomass shaped fuel.

To effectively promote the use of straw briquette fuel, the national development and reform commission, the national energy administration, and I jointly issued "on the work plan issued by the energy industry to strengthen the prevention and control of atmospheric pollution notice (sent can change the new [2014] 2014), the notification requirement: 2015, the national 50 million tce biomass utilization scale; In 2017 biomass will be able to use up to 70 million metric tons of coal. We will focus on the comprehensive utilization of biomass heat and electricity, accelerate the application of biomass energy heating, and use more than 15 million tons of biomass solids in 2017. By the end of 2017, new biomass energy will be added to the area of 3.5 million square meters each year, and the new biomass energy industry will be able to use 1.5 million metric tons of coal for heating and heating each year.

In addition, our joint national energy administration, issued the implementation of biomass shaped fuel boiler heating demonstration project of the construction of the notice (youngsters who can new [2014] no. 2014) and "about strengthening the construction of straw briquette fuel boiler heating demonstration project management related requirements of the notice (youngsters who can new [2014] no. 2014), file explicitly pointed out that, straw briquette fuel boiler heating is distributed renewable green low carbon environmental protection economy energy, is to replace fossil energy heating, important measures for prevention and control of atmospheric pollution, and can also build a town renewable energy system, file content such as biomass forming fuel and boiler made specific provision.Next, I will cooperate with related departments to produce straw briquette fuel related specifications and standards, to promote the development and utilization at the same time, strictly control the combustion after pollution to the environment.

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